The Ramsync Brief Case Study Solution
Combine NPV of SDRAM and MRAM Opportunities
The given NPV of the SDRAM Project is $-33 million and of the MRAM Project is $ 148.07 million. On the basis of given data the combined NPV computed by the sum of both the NPVs equals to $115.07 million. As the combined NPV is positive, therefore the managers at the hedge fund are suggested to choose both of the projects.(Brigham, 2016)
Evaluation of the Parameters
The inputs used in the pricing model include Current Stock Price, the Exercise Price, Risk Free Rate of Return, Expected life, Volatility and the dividend yield. All these inputs are although independent to each other however a change in one input can impact the call option value. It could be seen by that at different strike prices the value of the call option is different.
Answers to the Questions of Management
MRAM Market Development Period
If the MRAM market would be developed in 3 rather than 5 years than it would be more beneficial for the hedge fund as the cash flows generated from MRAM Project would be received on earlier basis. However, the hedge fund would require substantial amount of investment on early basis to fund the cost of the project. On the basis of prior cash flows, we should do the project.
Increase in MRAM Projected Investment
If the projected investment would be doubled, than the project’s NPV would become negative and a negative NPV from both of the Projects implies that the hedge fund should not do the project.
Change in Volatility
If the actual volatility is greater than the projected volatility i.e. 65%, than the projected cash flows from the MRAM Project are more risky and can impact the overall NPV of the project. However, the project has a potential NPV at 65% volatility rate i.e. 148.07 million, which implies that even after the increase in volatility rate, the project would have a substantial NPV to justify its feasibility. Therefore, the managers should implement the project.
Justification of MRAM Valuation
Although, the MRAM market is much riskier than the SDRAM, but there are two points which can justify using same variables for MRAM discount rate as the ADRAM. The first point is that it has high growth potential as compare to the SRAM market. Another point to justify the valuation is that the 65% volatility can result in negative as well positive impact on the overall cash flows of the project. On the basis of above two points, the valuation of MRAM is justified.
Investment Required
If the managers at the hedge fund are going to consider both of the projects, they would require an initial investment of $900 million in the current year. After 5 years the managers would require an investment of $250 million and $ 265 million in the following year.
Conclusion
Although, the SDRAM Project has a negative NPV but the MRAM market which could be developed after five years has a positive NPV and ultimately justifies the feasibility of both of the projects with a combine NPV of $ 115 million. Along with it, the MRAM has a high market growth potential as compare to SDRAM. On the basis of the combined positive NPV and the high growth potential, the hedge fund should consider both of the projects.
Appendices
Appendix-1: Intrinsic Value and Time Value
Table-1: Intrinsic Value Call Option
Market Price= 25.79
Intrinsic Value of Option | ||||
$20.00 | $5.79 | In the money | ||
$22.50 | $3.29 | In the money | ||
$25.00 | $0.79 | In the money | ||
$27.50 | ($1.71) | Out of the money | ||
$30.00 | ($4.21) | Out of the money |
Table-2: Intrinsic Value Put Option
Intrinsic Value of Option | ||||
$20.00 | ($5.79) | Out of the money | ||
$22.50 | ($3.29) | Out of the money | ||
$25.00 | ($0.79) | Out of the money | ||
$27.50 | $1.71 | In the money | ||
$30.00 | $4.21 | In the money |
Table-3: Time Value of Call Option
Time Value of Option | |||
$20.00 | $0.09 | $1.37 | $2.44 |
$22.50 | $0.32 | $2.24 | $3.51 |
$25.00 | $1.06 | $3.41 | $4.80 |
$27.50 | $2.48 | $4.85 | $6.29 |
$30.00 | $4.47 | $6.53 | $7.95 |
Table-4: Time Value of Put Option
Time Value of Option | |||
$20.00 | $5.83 | $6.80 | $7.58 |
$22.50 | $3.32 | $5.13 | $6.07 |
$25.00 | $1.78 | $3.75 | $4.78 |
$27.50 | $0.70 | $2.65 | $3.69 |
$30.00 | $0.18 | $1.79 | $2.77 |
Appendix-2: Call Option Value
Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model with Dividends | |||||||
Strike Price (June-04) | |||||||
20 | 22.5 | 25 | 27.5 | 30 | |||
Current Stock Price | 25.79 | 25.79 | 25.79 | 25.79 | 25.79 | ||
Exercise Price | 20.00 | 22.50 | 25.00 | 27.50 | 30.00 | ||
Risk-Free Interest Rate | 6.00% | 6.00% | 6.00% | 6.00% | 6.00% | ||
Expected Life of Option Years | 5 | 5 | 5 | 5 | 5 | ||
Volatility | 65.0% | 65.0% | 65.0% | 65.0% | 65.0% | ||
Dividend Yield | 0% | 0% | 0% | 0% | 0% | ||
Call Option Value | $16.93 | $16.28 | $15.69 | $15.14 | $14.62 | ||
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