SOCIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

Sociology assignment Case Study Solution

Definitions and Examples

  1. Generalized Other: The concept of generalized other occurs with development of a person over passage of time. A conventional personality is developed along the lines of expectations of reactions of others. In this, a person visualizes himself/herself as a person in his/her immediate surroundings.
    Example: A three-year child may wear his father’s coat and pretend to be like him. Children try to imitate the people around them and try to be like them by replicating their actions.
  2. Socialization: This is an ongoing process which enables a person to behave and adopt a social order from the time of his/her birth.
    Example: In Cuba, the children are taught advantages of communism, and more emphasis is put on the communist history of the country. This leads to the mindset of autocracy in the upcoming generation of Cuba. This means that communist culture is engraved in the Cuban society.
  3. Looking Glass Self: According to Professor Cooley, the perception of an individual depends on the perception of what other people thinks about his/her personality. The confidence of an individual is also based on the thinking of what other people think about him.
    Example: In the morning Tom is getting ready for the college as today was his exam. While getting ready his shirt is accidentally damaged, Tom doesn’t have any other shirt as he hasn’t done laundry for a longtime due to his studies, so he decides to go in ripped shirt. After reaching at the college Jerry (his classmate) looks at him Tom thinks that he is looking at him because of his shirt while Jerry hasn’t even noticed the ripped shirt.
  4. Re-socialization: Re-socialization is the systematic way in which a person’s social beliefs, norms and practices are restored. It can also be defined as learning the culture and norms of a new society. It is based on the principle that if something is learned, it can be unlearned as well.
    Example: When Harry was appointed as a trainee in the US armed forces, he was very unfamiliar with the routine and norms of his seniors. Soon he gets training regarding the particular environment and norms of the army personnel.
  5. The superego: According to this theory, a person’s attitude development not only depends on the mental situation of his parents rather his thinking will also depend on the norms of the society. According to this theory, the ego starts to develop after three years from birth when a child starts to think about himself.
    Example: Sam is alone at the warehouse in the evening, he can easily steal some of the inventory from the warehouse and no one can even know about this theft, but he refuses to steal the inventory as it is against the norms and practices of the society.

Section 3- Short Answers

1) Case of Isolated Children

There are several cases of the isolated children that have a positive as well as negative impact on the society and the development of the economy. Under the given scenario, it shows that a significant factor for increasing the level of isolated children is the impact on the human development criteria. It means that these children tend to perform well as compared to the dependent one. For further elaboration, the human society involves massive development and improvement by the use of these sort of generations. However, according to the perspective of society, the increase in the isolated children would have an adverse impact on the environment because it illustrates the lack of building positive relationships with the surroundings or their parents. Ethically, the primary factor to recognize is to act freely without any guidance of how to perform in a given society. So, such scenario shows that socialism would damage itself if the sudden control would not take place in a proper way where the negative consequences are far more than the positive ones.

2) Conflict between individual Desires and Demands of Society

The relation between individual and societies is such that the individuals have compelling need to be a part of the group. According to the theories of Sigmund Freud, it is determined that he developed various models to analyse the behaviour of the individual and the impact on the overall society. For further consideration, he analysed the desire of human nature through the use of Iceberg model and other psychological models to emphasize the level of mentality as compared to the demand of the society. However, the key features of any human are his/her unconscious and conscious mind that would enable to implement the nature and practice in the related society. Sigmund viewed this concept was somehow inversely linked to each other. It means that at some time, the individual might need different patterns of living and show that his/her needs are not related to the demand of the society. So, such conflict would not overcome unless there is a negotiation between them. On the other hand, society would never stop an individual’s desires or mindset to perform according to his/her way unless negotiations would control it. Therefore, it is concluded that the conflict can somehow be overcome but not eliminated because any society can never control a human's mindset.................

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