BIBLE“The Old Testament and the New” Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

BIBLE“The Old Testament and the New” Case Study Solution

The Bible

The word bible comes from a Greek language which means “Book”. It is a Holy Scripture followed by Christians. Although being the central guidance for Christianity, bible is also mentioned in other religions and is partly followed by some, for example: in “Islam” (the religion of Muslims).Bible (in its original form) is believed to be the second last book (with a total of 4 books) sent for the guidance of humanity from the Almighty Allah (God), and in Judaism (the religion of Jews) their sacred scriptures are believed to be the sources for the formation of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, but same cannot be said for New testament of Christian Bible. There are a number of elements which are found in all three books – Bible of Christians, Tanakh of Jews and Quran of Muslims, such as they all have the concept of oneness of God, perfect creation of the world out of nothing and the entrance of being called Satan into the world (who brought sins along).

The central character of Bible is Jesus Christ, who is believed to be a Messiah for all humanity as stated in Galatians 3:13-14, “But Christ has rescued us from the curse pronounced by the law. When he was hung on the cross, he took upon himself the curse for our wrong doing. For it is written in the scriptures, ‘Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree’. Through the work of Christ Jesus, God has blessed the Gentiles with the same blessing he promised to Abraham”.

  • Where did it come from?

Christians believe that Bible is pure words of God. Same may think that Bible came into existence with Jesus Christ, but according to many pastors and scribes, it all began with Moses around 1400-before Christ. Apparently there are 2 sections of a Christian Bible – the Old Testament and The New Testament. The Old Testament (Also known as Hebrew Bible) is based on Jewish Scriptures, which was written in a span of 1000 years, started with the successor of Moses, Joshua and lasted on the last prophet of Old Testament, Malachi at around 450 BC.

The section of New Testament started after Christ and came to its form in much shorter time. Scholars give different duration of its completion, but all can agree that this section was eventually incorporated before 150 BC.

According to the website of Pastor Mark Driscoll, the coming of Bible was not a man’s but a God’s work. The act of God, where God revealed himself to his chosen authors, and inspired them to think, state and write down the God’s perfect words. As mentioned in 2 Timothy 3:16 and in 2 Peter 1:20-21.

  • How is it organized?

The arrangement of a Bible is not like any other history books. Instead of being in Alphabetic or numeric order, Bible reveals occasions happened in different periods, but the periods do not line up straight. For example, the life of Moses is discussed in a later chapters, but he probably stands at the beginning. As mentioned earlier The Bible divided into two sections, and these include series of books, written by authors in different periods. A Bible is organized in a specific order as below:

BIBLE“The Old Testament and the New” Harvard Case Solution & Analysis



Sequence of the Old Testament:

  • First 5 books – LAW
  • PROPHETS – (3 Major and 12 Minor prophets)

Sequence of the New Testament:

  • HISTORY – Gospels – Mathew, Mark, Luke and John
  • EPISTLES – Paul’s to Church and individuals, Hebrew, Minor Epistles (James, Peter John and Jude)
  • PROPHECY – Revelation
  • How does it affect people?

Just like every other religion’s holy books, Bible states the history, beliefs and commands of god, but unlike many other, Bible also guides its readers in every step of life. It is difficult to cover the whole theme of Bible around one purpose, as it accounts for many life and death and after death issues, but the most popular areas among many are two:

  • The Salvation from Sin, by putting ones faith on Jesus Crist and on his Sacrifice for Sin.
  • Revelation of God’s plan and purpose for all within the universe.
  • Why was the Bible so crucial in the Medieval Era?

The Medieval era also known as the middle ages lasted from 5th to 15th century. It began with the fall of Western Roman Empire, where the only major religion was of Christianity. According to the Bernard Starr – A Psychologist, college professor and an author – during the middle age common people were not given excess to their Bible.In addition, the conversion of Bible to other languages was also prohibited, Starr believes that the Churches at that time may not want general public, to confuse themselves with conflicting statements......................

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