Goal-Directed Attentional Deployment To Emotional Faces And Individual Differences In Emotional Regulation Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

Critique of the study

            Reliability in a research basically refers to the consistency of a particular research study. The basic purpose of reliability has been to identify the significant results which must be more than a fining and a repeatable method.

            Whereas validity basically encompasses the overall concept of the experiment and it also establishes if the results that are obtained meet each and every expectation of the requirements of the scientific research methods (Baumeister, R. F., 2007).

            The study can be considered reliable because the consistency of this particular research can be used for other studies also. The results of the study have been consistent in other studies that have been carried by other researchers which indicate and confirms that the results obtained by this particular research is consistent across other researches also (Rosler, 2005).

            The element of validity in the particular research has been quite based on the stimuli where a total of 36 faces where each face had the highest validity rating among the MacBrain Face Stimulus Set have been used. The results actually meet the objective of the study because all the faces used were of the same person who had a happy face and the other face had a rather angry expression (Spielberger, C. 1983).

            The authors have actually interpreted the current results quite effectively and efficiently. The reason is simple, the results or the outcome suggest that the goal or the objective of focusing on the happier faces explain an initial preconscious bias which is related to the angry face where whose which were without goal did not.

            Along with this, the overall pattern and example of the result have been achieved due to the fact that the opponent process effect of a specific goal. The results can be considered as reliable and effective because, similar study has been conducted where the results have been consistent where the individuals have been given the dot probe task that actually considered Black White face pairs.

            Moreover, the results have also been indicating the results have actually confirmed that creativity to a specific stressful task has decreased or reduced almost by a factor of attending the happy faces and by even avoiding the angry faces (Tottenham, N., 2007).

            The results have been representing a much larger and a greater impact of the training that has been observed in the previous studies also. Therefore, it can be said that the results or the interpretations completed by the researcher or the author are quite well interpreted.

            The authors while conducting the study did not identify or maintain the ethical standards. As the participants were mostly the students and females, therefore, in order to actually make the results independent, the study should have been conducted through random sampling and the respondents should have been selected on a ratio of 50:50.

            The male and females respondents should have been of equal number to sustain the element of ethical considerations. Over here, the respondents were students and most were females which make the results biased and more importantly it develops the perception of particular demo graphics.

Brief Summary

The study has actually researched on the fact where it looks to identify whether goal directed attentional deployment to the emotional faces actually serves as mechanism that is effective for the overall regulations of emotions. Along with this, the study also looks to study if the individual differences have been able to predict effective emotion regulations. The total sample size for the study is 109 who were used to perform the dot probe task under the stress where each individual was given a goal either to focus on the happier faces or while avoiding the angrier faces or in fact achieving the no attentional goal (Johnson, 2009).

Goal Directed Attentional Deployment To Emotional Faces And Individual Differences In Emotional Regulation Case Solution

Moreover, the participants who focused on happy faces for a longer time period generally persist with the stressful anagram task. Finally, the findings of the study reveal that the theories of emotion regulations and the attention bias, along with the training goal directed attention deployment has been holding considerable promise for the future research which might be conducted on the development of an effective emotion regulation technique.....................................

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