EnCana Corporation-The Cost of Capital Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

1.  Cost of Capital

Cost of Capital and Its Importance

Every Company needs finance to conduct its business effectively. Companiesmainly use equity and debt source for the financing purpose.Both of the Sources required some returns if company raise entire finance through equity source then it has to calculate thecost of equity and if the company use debt source for financing purpose then it has to calculate thecost of debt. However, most of the time company use both sources for financing purpose in this situation company has to calculate theweighted average cost of capital (WACC). The cost of capital is the rate which company has to earn so that it can fulfill its obligation regarding the required return of the capital providers.

Companies must calculate the cost of capital becauseit will help them in evaluating and selecting different opportunities. After calculating thecost of capital, thecompany will have a benchmark which can be used to compare different opportunities and the opportunity which has a high return than thecost of capital can be chosen by the companyto enhance the overall value of the company. Furthermore, after calculating the cost of capital, thecompany can estimate its future liabilities effectively. Which will help in reducing the potential penalties that can be occurred due to non-payment of return to finance provider (mainly to debt provider)?

EnCana Corporation-The Cost of Capital Case Solution & Answer

2.  Capital Structure of EnCana

a.    EnCana Source of Finance

The Capital Structure of EnCanaconsists both equity and debt finance. From which debt portion is approximately 33% remaining being equity portion. The debt of EnCana consists both short-term debt and long-term debt which are interest bearing debts. On the other side, the equity portion consists common stock and retained earnings.

b.   Market Value of EnCana Equity

The market value of EnCana’s equity is calculated using the P/E ratio. P/E ratio is multiplied by earnings of the company to calculate market value.

Market Value of Equity
Book Value Share Price No. of Shares outstanding Market Value
Share capital 5,264 52.50 854.9 44881
Retained earnings 10,743 10743
Total 16,007     55624

 

c.    Market Value of EnCana Debt

To calculate the market value of EnCana’s debt we assume that they are issued and redeemed at par. And we take anaverage of interest rates and maturity times of public related debts. Furthermore, we assume that the other long-terms debts will mature after 15 years and short-term debts will mature in 3 years.

Market Value of Debts
Book Value Interest rate Yield % Maturity Years Market Value
Long-term debt
Publicly traded, including current portion* 5351 7.30% 5.81% 27 6425
Other long-term debt 1278 3.52% 4.20% 15 1183
Total 6,629     7607
Short-term debt
Bankers' Acceptances 369 5.25% 3.47% 3 387
Commercial Paper 1056 3.67% 3.47% 3 1062
Total 1,425     1449
Total long-term and short-term debt 8,054     9057

 

3.  Cost of Debt Financing

a.    Effect of Different Debts on theCost of Capital

Debts holders require lower return than equity holders, therefore, debt finance is considered asthe cheapest way of finance.......................

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