The Moral Instinct Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

Introduction

The moral instinct was written by Steven Pinker. It defines the state of mind that helps us to differentiate between good and bad instead of our opinions. Everyone has this instinct by birth. There are many factors that had influence on morality like circumstances. There is an impact of culture and religion on moral instinct.

Q1: Solution

As it was said by Steven Pinker that morality is itself a bigger and complex matter that a person can’t live with and it is difficult to find its origin. It was found from that article that moral reasoning is better than moral rationalizing in which people try to find the difference between good and bad.

The most important insight was moral reasoning. Moral reasoning can be used to design an ethical organization. It is because people try to find the difference between good and bad by using logic. Another reason of choosing moral reasoning is that this process is used on daily basis to do the best thing.

Organization is supposed to lift moral reasoning of their employees. Ethical rules will be created and will be communicated to organization’s employees. Training will be given to every employee on ongoing basis. Every employee within the organization will be aware of company’s ethics. Company will quickly respond to ethical issue as soon as it emerges. Employees will be motivated to promote ethics within the organization and will be supposed to follow these ethics in everyday business activity.

By following above mention steps, organization will be listed in an ethical organization.

Q2: Solution

Some actions will be required to enable employees to show ethical behavior when they are at home or at office. Employees know that in case they don’t follow code of ethics, they will be punished and it will also have negative impact on performance appraisal. Following are some steps that a company should take.

Leader role will be introduced in an organization. People like to follow their leaders. When leader will follow code of ethics; followers will automatically follow them. Role of Leader will be given to the person; who has highest position in the firm. It will motivate employees to follow these codes either it is clerk or manager.

It will be necessary to reshape the moral of every employee. An organization has people from different cultures and backgrounds. Their morals are different from one another. In this scenario, organization is supposed to have clear ethical codes and these codes should be communicated on frequent basis. It will reshape employee’s moral that comes from different background.

There will be policies that will restrict employees to show unethical behaviors. For example, there is a chance that a cashier will steal money. Policies will be developed to bound cashier to clear cash balance everyday when he leaves the office. All employees from manager to clerk will go through the accountability process. Lower level staff will be encouraged to go through accountability process when they see that top management is also being evaluated.

Organization will encourage employees to report unethical behavior. Employees will be ensured that their name won’t be mentioned to anyone. To motivate employees to behave more ethically, rewards will be given. Employees, who does not only demonstrate ethical behavior but also communicate with their colleagues, will be given monetary reward.................................

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