Governing the “Chinese Dream”: Corruption, Inequality and the Rule of Law Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

Governing the "Chinese Dream": Corruption, Inequality and the Rule of Law Case Solution  


Xi jinping secured its position as the head of China’s fifth generation of leaders in 2012. He was the head of the People’s Republic of China as well as Chinese Communist party. The country was in great crisis when he gained his position. Despite the growth it had achieved, China has become much wealthier but the wealth rests with only number of supreme powers. There were significant social problems prevailing which include corruption, inequality, discrimination and protests.

Xi was praised and respected at home and outside the country as he started and implement anti-corruption campaign. He tried to revive the Chinese communist party. His emphasis was also on avoidance of flamboyance to the members of the party. It was perceived that the CCP was weakening and its rule over China was threatened.

Chinese communist party CCP, which was founded in 1921, by Chen Duxiu and Li DazhaoLi,is the ruling party of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment. CCP has been organizing the society based on the principles of socialism with central planning and coordination of economic activity. There is less individual recognition and take in equality.The party has provided different economic reforms that help in overall prosperity of the economy but also it affects the society with its drawbacks such as unequal distribution.
Xi jinping introduced his political vision which he called the “CHINESE DREAM”; it was the dream to renew and revive the China and its nation. This phrase for Chinese Dream was firstly mentioned at an exhibition at National Museum of China. According to Xi the dream is to achieve highest ever level prosperity for the country with collective hard work, and socialism. The young generation strives hard and works for the achievement of their dreams in line with the collective dream of prospering China and making their individual contribution in this drive.

The dream however requires tireless efforts and this also needs to address the long coming problem of inequality, corruption, party dominance and misuse of powers as well as some major economic issues.Moreover, Xihas a strong challenge ahead.

Historical background

China’s political history dates back from the age of dynasties and have ideology of dictatorship. The strong rebellions caused the imperial rule to come to an end but the underlying ideology remains the same. During the dynasty of Manchu-led Qing, the western nations imposed several pressures on the china. There was Opium war between Great Britain and China in 1839,in which China faced defeat and this led to the significant change in the foreign trade framework. Its economy was significantly hit with Japan’s invasion in 1930s after World War II when China regained its independence. In October 1949, People’s Republic of China PRC was established.

CCP used political campaigns and governing tactics from the start and this has become an implied feature of the Chinese politics. Different campaigns were used for the central planning cycle’s implementation. There were two types of campaigns. The first was transformation campaign and other is routine production campaigns. Work units are built and individuals in urban areas are made members of work units. Employment, social services and political control are combined and members of the work units are provided by the state with social welfare, health care and employment along with other necessity of life during their entire life.
These work units are classified and assigned work that contributes to the state economy,such as agriculture units and collectives units. Private properties became state owned in 1957 with different campaign, which was criticized by the masses. With this the country flourished well however,about 40 million Chinese peoples were killed between 1958 and 1961. Moreover, due to increased grain quota, each work unit needs to produce and subsequent drought and famine. Mao faced failure in the policies and delegated policy making and economic decisions to Deng Xiaoping who successfully managed the affairs (Golden, 2015)..................

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