Disaster and Disaster Management Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

Disaster and Disaster Management Case Solution


The event which harms the lives, property, infrastructure, environment and employment is disaster. People, building, infrastructure, and nature all are at risk in this way. Disasters mostly strike naturally. Cyclone, flood, earthquakes and blizzards are the common type of disasters.As per history, we have deadliest disasters of Indian Ocean Tsunami that killed more than 350,000 people in 2004 in five nations from India to Africa.The victims of Hurricane Katrina have been suffered as long as for6 years after the event. According to database of UNISDR 2011, in the year of 2010 the world faced 373 disasters that caused death of more than 296,800 human lives.Hence, nature is proven to be a powerful source that can cause disasters.

With the passage of time, disasters have been getting more hazardous,and the reason behind comprise of factors such as the increase in population, development and enhancement towards urbanization and dreadful conditions of the environment. Keeping in mind the Haiti earthquake, it killed over 222,500 people and people suffered through disasters of nuclear reactor leak and earthquake. Such disasters caused health issues through water and food pollution that further caused adversity in the face of cholera. Moreover scarce, anxiety, helplessness feeling and stress disorder such as physiological concerns also arose after 2011 earthquake and nuclear reactor in Japan that caused death of 19,846 people and influenced 36,8820 people by different means. It led to effectiveness among people’s behavior and confidence of the nation.Disasters interfere in the development of the economy,as the economy has to first recover from the effects of the disaster before growing. 20 The earthquake in the year 2011 also affected the economy by the loss of 210,000 billion in US$. Disasters have also distracted the economy in various way such as in 2010 water contamination occurred after oil spilled in British Petroleum. Turkey faced a disaster and lost more than 17,000 human lives, which affected 1,358,953 people.Furthermore, 210,000 units of houses were damaged due to the disaster. In addition, USD$ 20 billion were born by the economy of Turkey. Nevertheless, disasters are meaningful problem. Disasters not only cause damages to lives but they affect the physical, physiology, economy, politics and nature of a nation as well. However, risk assortment after every disaster is very necessary.

Accordingly, people that are affected by disasters are getting 6% growth year by year since 1960. The number of deaths has increased from 937,007 during the time period of 1991-2000 to 1,313, 183 in 2001-2010. The number of people who were affected also increased from 2,426,321,086 in 1991-2000 to 2,676,416,290 in 2001-2010. Apart from the physical and physiological loss which the economy faced, the loss faced by the economy increased from 54 billion US$ in 1980 to 210 billion US$ in 2010. Fig. 1.1. demonstrates the trend of the disaster from the era of 1991 – 2015 which increased in the year 2001 and its trend got low after that era.During this trend, the worst disaster was in the year 2000.


Table 1.1 depicts continental-wise distribution of disasters and the damages of lives caused by them in1991 – 2016. The table above shows the highest number of damages 222,750 US$ in the form of deaths, which were caused by Haiti Earthquake in 2010. After 2010, the disaster rate reduced and the damages also minimized..................

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