Chorme Book Adoption Instead Of Traditional Text Books Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

Chorme Book Adoption Instead Of Traditional Text Books Case Study Solution

Role of Ethics, Leadership and Social Justice in Leading Change

The factors namely ethics, leadership and social justice play an important role in initiating a leading change in any organization whether the organization belongs to the service industry, manufacturing industry or information technology sector (Hallinger, 2003). These factors are considered the significant input in establishing a leading change within the organization. Hence, all these factors are can be enlightened under the Bowen Family systems theory which is discussed in detail below:

Bowen Family System Theory

Murray Bowen, the American scientist developed the family system theory which provides the conceptualization of the human behavior regarding the people which are attached with the individuals. Moreover, the Bowen family system theory focuses on determining the behavior of human being with respect to the relationship they possess with disparate people in their lives and does not show analogous feelings or emotions with every person that exists in their lives. Hence, the impact on the individuals from the relationship with other person is determined by what type of relationship is possessed among them according to the Bowen family system theory. The six core emotional processes which are incorporated by the Bowen family system theory are mentioned and discussed in detail below:

  1. Differentiation of self.
  2. Nuclear family emotional process.
  3. Family projection process.
  4. Emotional cutoff.
  5. Societal emotional process.

Differentiation of Self

This concept of Bowen family system model is related to the self-actualization of the individual about himself. The differentiation of self means that the person is capable and manages to distinguish himself from the feeling that he possesses about different people and the situation arising regarding the practical life. According to this theory, the people with self-actualization appears to be more confident regarding their opinions and are not easily influenced by people because of their nature of believing in strong reasoning whereas people with less awareness about self are considered to have less differentiation of self and are easily influenced by other people which even lead them to change their opinions (Hallinger, 2003). Hence, differentiation of self enables the leaders to take decisions in the organizations when required.


The triangle concept of Bowen family system model demonstrates that when the person is in any kind of relationship with the other person, he feels stressed or tensed due to that particular person, that tensed person intends to initiate a relationship with other person to release their stress and emotions. This other person is considered as the third party who could either be relative, cousin or sibling. The Bowen family system emphasizes that the need of third person is aroused in the relationship because of increased tension and lack of attention which cause the triangle of relationship i.e. involving other person in the relationship to release stress. Hence, this concept can be implemented in the leading change in organization when textbooks become more stressed to manage store so the company could involve the use of chrome books.

Nuclear Family Emotional Process

The nuclear family emotion process defined by Bowen family system model indicates that the conflicts among the family members could affect the process and the efficiency of the family in many ways. Moreover, the conflicts within the organizations will tend to reduce the efficiency and capacity of the organization which could affect the overall performance of the organization.

Family Projection Process

This concept of Bowen family model demonstrates that due to extra attention towards the children and showcasing the family problems in front of children creates immaturity among the children and makes the children dependent on parents. Hence, parents who care less about their children enable the children to be independent and take the decision without less supervision of others. Therefore, this concept can be applied on gaining the leading change within the organization by providing the employees to take independent action for the betterment of the company which also enables the employees to come up with innovative and advanced ideas.

Emotional cutoff

The emotional cutoff of distance among family members are considered because of the extreme tensed condition among the members. These cutoffs are used to dilute the stress and tension among the members to remain emotionally stable. Hence, the emotional cutoffs can also be applied to the organizations to become practical and improve the operational efficiencies of the company.

Societal Emotional process

The societal emotional process here refers to the external effects on the behavior of the individual which could lead to rise in tension and anxiety within the individual. The anxiety among the individuals arises because of poverty, unemployment or natural disasters. Hence, this type of rise in the anxiety affects the employee’s performance in the organization which could lead to reduction in the operational efficiencies of the organization (Hallinger, 2003).

Hence, it is realized that the emotional process of the human being affects the organization and efficiency of the organization in various ways which could be generated through the traditional use of resources by the company which could build stress among the employees. Therefore, leading change in the organization could lead to less stress levels which assists the organizations in enhancing the efficiencies of the company’s operations.

Virtual Learning and Collaboration

Virtual learning and collaboration is considered one of the technologically advanced system to impart education among the individuals by the use of technology and removing the burden of traditional textbooks to reduce the level of stress by minimizing the responsibility of the management and restoration of the textbooks. Hence, the way of providing virtual learning and collaboration involves the implementation of different theories. Hence, the communities of practice plays a vital role in defining the experiential learning, connectives and (Johnson, 2002) practices which appears to be more complex form of design for implementation. The communities of practice assists in various ways in enhancing the virtual learning and collaboration which is discussed in detail below:

Communities of Practice

The communities of practice plays a vital role in virtual learning and collaboration. Communities of practice is the grouping of people who strive harder to implement and enhance the efficiency of virtual learning through continuous collaboration with each other inside the group as well as with external links outside the group. Moreover, individuals learns through participation in activities of groups but the individuals are more enhanced by different group activities concerning deeper knowledge which includes business practices as well. Hence, deeper knowledge in business practices provides a reasonable benefit to the organization in the form of adopting what is required by the company to boost the operations and management activity of the organization with the common goal of advancement and progress (Johnson, 2002).

The communities of practice are adopted by almost every individuals in disparate forms which is helping them to learn and practice different things regarding advancement in daily learning and career growth professionally. Almost every person belongs to the community in different walk of their lives, for example a student attending college belongs to the group of students, an employee going to office belongs to the group of employees and the person participating in religious activities belongs to the religious groups. Moreover, the different ways of doing things are shared among the peoples in groups by collaboration (Johnson, 2002). Thus, according to Wenger; there are three important characteristics of communities of practice which are mentioned and discussed in detail below:


The factor of domain in the communities of practice is of vital importance because of domain the group members are subject linked with each other due to common motive or idea. The domain is the factor which identifies the common factor for the group members being in the group. Hence, the common objective of the group in adopting leading change by the organization i.e. to adopt technological advancement like introducing the chrome books as a replacement of the textbooks for the ease of use. Therefore, the common motive of adopting advanced technology is to create an ease of learning and sharing information through the collaboration among the group members.


The factor domain also plays an important role in the community. Communities are built with the common purpose i.e. whether serving the peoples of the community or to create strong bond within the community. Communities incorporate number of groups within themselves which assists the other groups to collide with different groups to enhance disparate experience by sharing their views, opinions and knowledge. Hence, adoption of advancement in bringing leading change assist the communities to remain efficient in achieving their common motives.


The practice by the groups and the number of individuals defines the common motive for which the community or groups is developed. Hence, the practice in groups determines the reason of participation. Hence, the practice is also considered one of the important factor in determining the commonality among the group members. Therefore, proper and complete adoption of technology in bringing leading change is considered the practice of the whole group to enhance and maintain efficiency within the organization..............


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