ENIGMA ESCAPE ROOMS Harvard Case Solution & Analysis


Decision Criteria:

After analyzing the expansion option from various dimensions, we came to know that it is financially viable and operationally doable for Enigma to open Horror-themed rooms at a different location. During our analyzing process, we found out that, Enigma has a first-mover advantage and knowledge of more customers in the Escape Room Industry of Canada.

The company also has required skills, resources and experience for embarking on expansion plans. As the company already has an experienced staff, who are working for more than a year, It has more than $20,000 in cash available at the moment and financial forecasts shows that it will be a net profit margin of 39% to the company with sales of $48,000 in just nine months. Expanding into a new market will also help the company in reaching to more customers and increasing its awareness in the market, which will improve the brand image of the company.

Option Analysis:

As the expansion is viable in terms of earning potential with just $16500 in initial investment has potential to payback whole investment amount in just nine months. And the company has not been operating Horror-themed rooms in Windsor, so the risk of cannibalization is also very low. Moreover, it can also help to increase both its customer base and market share. However, there are risks associated because horror theme rooms don’t attract everyone, only some part of the large population feel comfortable with horror themes. Parents might not send their children due to its horror theme but overall, it will be a very new experience to the customers, so the company needs to be very careful about the demand forecast and should be prepared for make frequent changes so that customers will not be bored.

As the sales in October are nearly 20% of the total expected sales in the year 2017 because of  Halloween season. The company can take care of this demand-hike by employing part-time labors, just for the month of October, Enigma can provide bonuses and incentives to work extra-time. By doing this, Enigma would cope with high labor demand in the month of October and remaining months demand is expected to be smooth so there would not be much fluctuation in the remaining months.

Option Analysis
Revenue     48,438
Initial Investment Cost16500
Profit     18,951
Profit margin39.1%
RisksMost customers might dislike
 No everyone like horror, decrease in turnover.


After using various analysis tools, we would recommend Enigma Escape Room Inc. to go with the expansion plan of opening new Horror-themed rooms at the new place because not doing expansion has double costs associated with it. First, hidden trail will secure this new place and existence of Enigma would become limited to just Windsor. Secondly, the company already has enough cash in hand, if it will not invest this would be an inefficient effort and will be considered as a waste of crucial resource.
As we also have discussed the strategies to reduce potential risks. Initially, the company should form a team of creative workers, which will work of making continuous changes to make the experience of customers different each time they visit. Moreover, the installation of horror-themed rooms would be an addition and it would not cannibalize the share of existing escape rooms because horror-theme will be at far more existing location and not all people like horror-theme, it has its own specific customers, which makes it very unlikely to affect demand for other themes.

Total Budget: $ 16500
Expected Return: $ 18951 or 39.1%


Estimated Income Statement
Year ended May 31,2017 (9-months)
Sales      48,438
October sales10350
Rest of 8-months till May,3138088
Wages expense             13,136
Rent expense6750
utility expense1800
Cleaning and Maintenance                  661
Insurance expense             554.34
Gas expense             866.99
Web Expense             332.14
miscellaneous             539.96
Marketing & Promo Exp.900
Depreciation expense               1,575
Total expenses      27,115
Profit Before Tax      21,323
Tax   2,372.29
Profit After Tax      18,951
Profit margin (Horror-themed room)39.1%
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