Did Apple Pay Too Little Tax? Appealing the EU Ruling on Illegal State Aid Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

Did Apple Pay Too Little Tax? Appealing the EU Ruling on Illegal State Aid  Case Solution


On 30 August 2016, Margrethe Vestager, the European Commissioner for Competitors, bought Ireland to recuperate EUR13 billion in unlawful state aid that the state had actually approved Apple over a years from 2003. In enabling Apple to pay near to zero in taxes, she ruled, Ireland had actually provided the foreign business a select benefit over other organisations paying the routine business tax rate of 12.5%. Tim Cook, CEO of Apple, and Enda Kenny, the Irish Prime Minister, claimed the ruling, a procedure that is still continuous.

The case checks out this occasion from 5 logical pillars: 1) the function of Ireland's low business tax cost in drawing in FDI; 2) Apple's choice to designate its incomes to a paper business in Ireland without any physical existence in the nation; 3) the repatriation of overseas revenues to the United States; 4) the transfer payments that Apple makes to the United States to spend for R&D; 5) the Commissioner's choice to enforce a retroactive tax charge on a foreign business that acted in accordance with the tax plans approved by its host nation.


Pedagogical Objectives:

The case is developed to motivate trainees to consider the function of tax policy from the point of view of the business. With the increase of worldwide business such as Apple whose items are offered all over the world, the concern of where they must be taxed ends up being an especially controversial issue. Trainees will be inquired to review tax policy around the following 5 points: 1) as a nationwide competitive advantage in bring in FDI; 2) on wise business accountancy that renders gross income to almost absolutely no amounts; 3) on effective tax disincentives for the repatriation of revenues approaching 2 trillion dollars to the United States, 4) the political reasonable behind the existing business tax concept that mentions taxes for ingenious business like Apple ought to be paid in the source nation where R&D is performed; 5) which supranational entities such as the European Commission need to take preventive measures and not restorative punitive measures in handling foreign nations who have actually developed countless tasks in an especially susceptible host nation such as Ireland.


This is just an excerpt. This case is about Economics & Finance

published: 15 Dec 2016


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