Vocational Training in Punjab – Seeking Skills and Finding Barriers Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

Vocational Training in Punjab - Seeking Skills and Finding Barriers Case Study Analysis

Getting the skills you need for your job can be a challenge. That is why you need to make sure you have a clear understanding of how to find and obtain the vocational training you need. To help you with that, we've put together a brief article that will provide you with all the information you need to know.

Problem Statement

The quality of education in Pakistan has come a long way but the government has been a bit too slow to take notice of the effort. Keeping the country's millions of school going kids on the right track is the holy grail of ensuring a successful transition to the work force of the future. A skilled workforce is an asset and an unemployed nation is not.

A well-designed and executed TVET program is a good way to put the kibosh on poverty and unemployment, but how do you go about implementing a program of this nature? Fortunately, the federal government has a vested interest in providing quality vocational education to a population of teeming youth. In fact, the federal government has taken a close interest in technical education since its inception in 2006.

As for the actual implementation of the requisite measures, the federal government has not been as forthcoming in its support. This has left a number of state capitals with a short supply of teachers, and some with a very large number of students. While the likes of a well-paid government employee is not always a bad thing, the cost of maintaining a healthy work force means the budget should be judiciously allocated. One solution is to increase the number of vacancies in the public sector. On the flip side, a resurgence in the private sector has brought about a new wave of employers looking for talented, dedicated employees.

Case Study Solution

Vocational training centers play a vital role in transforming the world around us. They help individuals attain self-sufficiency by equipping them with skills to become productive members of society.

One such example is the Punjab Skills Development Fund. Using evidence-based and demand-driven approaches, the PSDF hopes to revamp skills training in Pakistan. The flagship vocational program has launched a pilot phase of training courses in poor districts, and classes have been filling up fast.

There is also the National Vocational and Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC). NAVTTC has proposed several actions to improve quality TVET education in Pakistan.

Moreover, the Asian Development Bank has approved a loan of $100 million to develop vocational training institutions in the Punjab province. This loan will allow the province to expand its skills training capacity and meet the demands of jobs in its priority economic sectors.

Among other things, the study will determine how a blended learning approach could improve the effectiveness of in-service TVET teacher training programs in the province. Furthermore, the project will lead to the improvement of management and learning organization in TVET institutions.

In terms of the National Skill Strategy (NSS) 2009-2013, "Skilling Pakistan" reforms include promoting entrepreneurship among TVET students. As such, the Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC) aims to educate students about this skill.

Unlike the Chinese and European systems, the vocational training system in Pakistan has not seen much development. Hence, the need for a case study solution for vocational training in the province has been felt.

Porters Five Forces

The Porter Five Forces Model is a business analysis tool that can help businesses improve their competitive position. Its basic aim is to help companies determine the strengths and weaknesses of their industry. In addition, it can be used to assess profitability.

This framework was developed by Harvard Business School professor Michael Porter. In 1979, he identified five forces that shape a market: buyer power, supplier power, competitive rivals, substitute products, and industry structure. These factors influence how a company serves its customers and makes profits.

For instance, if a company's industry has many competitors, they may consider focusing on a niche market or even manufacturing in-house. By understanding the competition, companies can improve their position and generate higher profits. However, it is important to remember that there are some weaknesses to the Porter's Five Forces model.

The main weakness of the Porter's Five Forces model is that it ignores the influence of core competencies. This is especially true when considering large multinational corporations.

One other disadvantage is that it does not take into account the possibility of creating new markets. For instance, a company selling pasteurized milk might be in danger of losing their market share to Nestle. While it is true that there are other substitutes available, such as boiled water, they can reduce the attractiveness of the market.

Another problem is that the Porter's Five Forces framework assumes that the industry structure is the only determining factor. If there are no barriers to entry, an early startup in a fast-growing industry could be shut out.

PESTLE Analysis

PESTLE analysis is a business tool that can help you better understand your company's environment. This can be useful for a number of reasons. You can use it to improve your strategic planning and decision making, and to help you avoid stagnation and loss.

There are many different types of external factors that can impact your business. They include government policies, regulations, tariffs, and laws. Other factors include labour costs, interest rates, and consumer spending.

Another type of factor is technology. Technology can help your company improve your distribution, marketing, and production. It can also improve your ability to understand the market. The internet can be a good source of information.

Several companies are using PESTLE to help them plan for the future. A few examples are Adidas, the largest sports shoe and apparel company in the world, and Starbucks, the most successful coffee house chain in the world.

Using PESTLE can help you better understand the market and the potential for your product. It can also help you assess the threats and opportunities in your business. By evaluating the factors, you can find the right path for your business.

PESTLE is often used in combination with other business tools, such as SWOT and Porter's Five Forces Analysis. By assessing the impact of various factors, you can identify which ones are most critical to your company's success.

Financial Analysis

Several studies have been conducted on the financial performance of the Indian public universities in Punjab. This report examines the financial performance of Punjabi University (Patiala) and Guru Nanak Dev University in Amritsar.

The study compared the expenditures of the two universities. It also found that the Panjab University is not significantly different from the other universities in the country.

The study also concluded that the curriculum of the TEVTA Punjab was sound. Moreover, the vocational training institutions in the province have helped deserving students achieve their dreams.

In addition, the report highlighted factors that hinder employability. A number of case studies were presented, which depicted the ethos of training. Besides, the study also focused on the perceptions of female learners.

During the course of the study, the researcher participated in various activities of the PVTC. For example, he wrote a case study and led the teacher training program. Additionally, he conducted consultancies and surveys. He used a questionnaire comprising 15 items to collect primary data.

Financial analysis is an important part of running a business. Analyzing a company's financial position and future plans is vital in order to make proper corporate financial decisions. These decisions help the company to grow and increase its revenue.

The Financial Analysis Certificate is a course that helps participants acquire fundamental financial analysis skills. The course also opens the doors to entry-level positions in the finance industry. Upon completion, the students will have the knowledge to analyze and interpret the financial results of multiple businesses. They will also have the skills to recommend strategic measures to improve the performance of a particular organization.


There are numerous trades required for a growing society. But the problem of high unemployment is one of the biggest challenges facing Punjab. Having said that, vocational training has become a viable tool in empowering youth. It has helped deserving students realize their dreams.

In fact, there are 357 institutes in Punjab that impart technical and vocational education. They provide certificates in almost all technologies. However, they are not equipped with the latest equipment.

One of the biggest challenges of Punjab's TVET program is lack of demand driven skills. The state has millions of unemployed youth. To overcome this, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved a $100 million loan to help the province improve its skills training system. This will help increase the availability of market relevant courses and boost livelihoods.

A key component of the ADB project is focusing on the delivery of demand driven skills. This will help strengthen the technical and vocational institutional framework in Punjab.

While announcing the Punjab Growth Strategy 2018, the government of Punjab focused on skilling the youth of the province. Among the priority areas are supporting skills training in the four key sectors. Soft skills programs and encouraging private sector participation also feature on the agenda.

For vocational training in Punjab, the government has created the Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC). PVTC is a body corporate that runs the vocational training institutions in the state.

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