Health Disparity Solved Case Harvard Case Solution & Analysis

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Health Disparity

            It refers to the difference between the groups of people. These disparities can affect how commonly a disease affects to the number of groups, how many patients become sick, or how frequently the disease causes death. Health disparities are the holes in the standard of health that reflect the differences in different aspects, such as racial and ethnic background, education level, socioeconomic status, etc. Different people have different cultural backgrounds and living standards, people are living in rural areas usually have suffered from various diseases due to unhygienic food. As compared to the people living in the urban areas, they usually become more health conscious and prefer to have a hygienic food. Though there are several people affected by disparities. Some of them are:

  • Racial minorities
  • Ethical minorities
  • People belongs to rural areas
  • Disable persons

Causes of Health Disparity

            There are various causes for the difference in the people’s health. Some of them are:

  • Social factors
  • Economic Factors
  • Cultural Factor

Social Factors

            People living in different circumstances and environment, one of the factors that contributed in several diseases among the people is the educational level. The more the people educated, the better they are able to understand the importance of taking hygienic food. Mostly people who are living in the rural areas are less educated and aware about the quality of food. Though there are other factors also that forced them to take that kind of food, but due to the less awareness regarding the food, there is a significant increase in the several diseases in the rural areas.

Economic Factors

            This is also a major factor that contributes in health disparities among the population. The buying power of the individual has been always a key component in health disparity. People belong from different economic backgrounds and societies; it is not necessary for every individual to take the hygienic food due to the limited purchasing power. Especially people living in the developing countries have limited options for enjoying a higher quality of food rather than developed countries.

Cultural Factor

            This is also a key factor that contributes in health disparities among the people. People belong from different regions prefer the food as per their culture. For instance, some population enjoys having a junk food; some prefer nutritious and healthy food. These factors can also contribute in health disparity if the quality of the food is questionable. Several patients, who suffer from diabetes and hypertension, take the spicy food and sweet dishes as per their interest and cultural values, which causes a significant increase in the diseases.

Reading No.2

How to Measure Health Disparity

            Health disparities can be measured by comparing the health of one population with the other group. While comparing the disparities several question needs to be asked. There must be equality between the groups of the population, while measuring health disparity. Health disparities can be measured by a same group of population or different around the globe. But one thing is sure, whenever there is a comparison between rural and urban population, the results are quite known due to less opportunities and facilities provided in the rural areas.

How to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

Eliminating health disparity is a primary goal of the public health research center. Several research articles and theories have commented on this issue, a lot of scholars and experts have identified the problem with this issue. These research studies have expressed in detail about a disparity, its relationship and other factors related to it. Some of the developments in order to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities are as under:

  • The Affordable Care Act
  • HHS Initiatives

The Affordable Care Act

This act is also known as Patient Protection Act, it has been signed by the United States of America's President in 2010. The objective of the health care act was to ensure the most extensive regulatory change in the United States health care system as they achieved in Education Reconciliation Act and the Health Care. The Affordable Care Act was launched in order to enhance the entire quality of standard and affordability of health care insurance in the American region. The objective of the Act was to bring a balance between private and public insurance, health care programs, and provides maximum opportunities for the individuals to better enjoy the services of health care facilities.

Affordable Care Act encompasses several unique tools and mechanisms which included subsidies and insurance exchange. The objective of these mechanisms was to ensure the maximum level of affordability and coverage to the people. Insurance companies were also required to treat every applicant at an equal level in the act. According to the act, all insurance companies must entertain the patients efficiently ..............

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